Life began in Adrar many years ago, as evidenced by the antiquities scattered across its parts and the geographical and human characteristics that distinguish it, including: the petrified forests of Olf, the rock inscriptions in Ain, Lan and Timiaween, the writings of Tifinagh and others…, as the region mentioned in the books of travelers and historians such as Al-Bakri and Al-Idrisi, Ibn Battuta and the sense of Wazzan Granada, and Leon the African.
It has undergone drastic changes so that it has become a dry area due to the scarcity of rain and the high temperature. The Berber Berbers settled from Gitul and Zenata in Adrar, due to its location that serves trade between the regions of the Sahara Desert, Africa and the Ksour region. After that, agriculture and livestock farming developed with the presence of the Zenat tribes, and trade flourished between the caravans, the tribes of the palaces, the Bedouins and the Sudan, and this is what made them come into contact with diverse cultures and peoples, especially Arabs, Berbers and Muslims. This left its touches in this region, so that sciences and knowledge spread, and it became a beacon of radiant biography, and its destination was the honorable Saguia al-Hamra and Andalusia, and scholars from the Algerian Maghreb, such as Sheikh Abdul Karim al-Mughili. The Hilalites flocked to the areas of Touat, Tideklet and Qourara, and they acquired distinct urban, spiritual and scientific characteristics.